Forget concrete and brick – it’s stone that’s the star of the show here.
These incredible images show how stone is a building material of endless opportunity, that it can be formal, elegant, playful and energising.
The photographs feature in a new book, simply called Stone, by architect William Hall, which showcases a spectacular selection of structures from the past 5,000 years and highlights the beauty of this seemingly humble substance.
Among the featured buildings are an incredible Roman aqueduct in France, a 12th-century church built inside a carved pit in Ethiopia and a quirky museum – and former house – surrounded by boulders in Portugal.
The book also charts projects by the world’s best contemporary architects, from Snøhetta’s angular Norwegian National Opera and Ballet building in Oslo to a stunning Indian temple designed by Delhi-based firm Spacematters.
Scroll down to see a selection of images from the tome and prepare to have your world rocked…
Casa do Penedo – or Boulder House – is an ‘architectural monument’ surrounded by four colossal boulders in the Fafe mountains in northern Portugal. It was built in 1974 initially as a holiday home, but today is a museum charting the quirky building’s history
The amazing ancient Spassky Cave Church in Kostomarovo in the Voronezh region of Russia. Carved into the hillside are two churches, one with enough room for a congregation of 2,000
Uchimura Kanzo Memorial Stone Church in Karuizawa, Nagano Prefecture, Japan. It was built in 1988 by American architect Kendrick Kellog and is, according to stonechurch.jp, the perfect place for a ‘mysterious, enchanting wedding ceremony’
The Temple in Stone and Light is in Barmer, India, and was built in 2016 on the grounds of a power plant for its employees and the local community. It was constructed using locally sourced Jaisalmer yellow stone and designed by Delhi-based firm Spacematters
The Church of Saint George in Lalibela, Ethiopia, is a 12th-century sunken, rock-hewn church that sits in a pit carved out of volcanic rock. First the main block for the building was excavated from the bed-rock, then the masons chiseled the detail in. It is still a place of pilgrimage for those in the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church and is a Unesco world heritage site
The Bibliotheca Alexandrina is a vast library and cultural centre located in the Egyptian city of Alexandria on the Mediterranean coast. The 11-storey building opened in 2001 and harbours over 6,000 square metres of hand-carved stone
The King Abdullah Financial District Grand Mosque opened in the Saudi Arabian capital, Riyadh, in 2017. It has been designed to resemble a desert rose and can accommodate 1,500 worshippers
The Nevsehir Bus Terminal in Nevsehir, Turkey, opened in 2010 and has a huge stone wall facade, with a glass and steel structure behind it. The inspiration for the wall is said to be the towering boulders of Cappadocia
Pont du Gard is a 35-arch Roman aqueduct that straddles the Gard river, around 14 miles from the city of Nimes, that dates back to the first century. It delivered around two million litres of freshwater to Nimes every day. After the fall of the Roman Empire it was used as a toll bridge. The bombastic structure, which is 165 feet high and 900 feet wide, is now one of the top five tourist attractions in France
The Church of San Giovanni Battista is located in Mogno, Switzerland. It was constructed in 1996 to replace a 17th-century church that was destroyed in an avalanche in 1986. The main feature of the church is the alternating layers of white marble and dark gneiss
The Norwegian National Opera and Ballet, which opened in 2008 in Oslo, was designed by architecture firm Snøhetta. The angled exterior of the building is made with Italian marble and white granite, so it appears to be rising from the water
Muzeum Susch in Susch, Switzerland, is an art museum inside a restored 12th-century monastery that was excavated into the side of a mountain. Inside there are exhibition spaces that are linked by grotto-like tunnels
The Lanyang Museum is located in Yilan County, Taiwan, and was built using a mixture of locally sourced granite and aluminium. Author William Hall writes: ‘Its jagged pyramidal form emerges from the wetland and shore, aping the cuesta rocks of Taiwan’s northern coast’
The Sancaklar Mosque is a semi-submerged building in Büyükçekmece, Turkey. Completed in 2015, it was built using a mixture of light grey stone and reinforced concrete
The lobby inside the O’biz Tower, an office building in Anyang, South Korea. To create a geometric effect, designers used both green-oriental marble and grey granite
Stone by William Hall, which is published by Phaidon, is available for £29.95 from phaidon.com